Separators or Spacers

Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators do not mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.

palatal expander

Palatal Expanders (RPE)

The palatal expander "expands" (or widens) your upper jaw by putting gentle pressure on your upper molars each time an adjustment is made. Your orthodontist will instruct you about when and how to adjust your expander. When you achieve the desired expansion, you will wear the appliance for several months to solidify the expansion and to prevent regression.


Face Mask

The face mask is an orthopedic device used for the correction of Class III skeletal malocclusions (underbite). It works by protracting the maxilla (upper jaw) and restricting mandibular (lower jaw) growth. It is worn 12-14 hours per day or as directed until correction is achieved. It is usually worn in conjunction with a RPE (fixed palatal expander).

herbst appliance

Herbst® Appliance

The Herbst® appliance reduces overbite by encouraging the lower jaw forward and the upper molars backward. This fixed appliance is used mostly for younger, growing children and is worn for about 12-15 months.


Twin Block Appliance

The twin block appliance is unique from other functional appliances, as it involves two separate appliances (one for the upper arch and one for the lower arch) working together to create an advanced lower jaw position. This patient-friendly appliance is worn full time, including while eating, though it is removable for easy hygiene. It is also more comfortable than other jaw-correcting appliances, as it is made out of smooth acrylic and utilizes fewer wires.

The result of using a twin block appliance is a broad, beautiful smile, proper jaw function, and improved profile.


Schwarz Appliance

The Schwarz appliance is an upper or lower removable appliance worn to expand your arches and teeth. Your treatment may include an upper appliance, lower appliance, or both. For optimal results, your Schwarz appliance should be worn 24 hours a day and be removed only for eating, brushing, playing contact sports, and swimming. 



Headgear is used to treat patients whose teeth are in an overbite, with the upper jaw forward of the lower jaw, or an underbite with the lower jaw forward of the upper jaw. Headgear gently "pulls" on your teeth to restrict further forward growth of your upper teeth and jaw.

elastics (rubber bands)

Elastics (Rubber Bands)

Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands as instructed, and remember that the rubber bands work far more efficiently if they're worn as prescribed.


Hawley Retainers

Retainers may be removable or fixed. They hold your teeth in their new, correct positions after your teeth have been straightened. Your orthodontist will instruct you on how to care for your retainer and about the duration of the wear. Wearing your retainer as directed is crucial to prevent regression of your treatment. Hawley Retainers are made of wire and plastic.


Invisible Retainers

Like Hawley Retainers, invisible retainers keep your teeth in place once they've been straightened. However, these retainers are made of clear plastic, making them invisible to anyone but you. 

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